Treatment Options for the Atrophic Posterior Maxilla

Ismael Khouly, DDS, MS, PhD1; Diego Gallego Rivero, DDS2; Alejandro Pérez, DDS2; Said Khouly, DDS, MS3; Sang-Choon Cho, DDS2; Stuart J. Froum, DDS2

1Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, USA; Bluestone Center for Clinical Research, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, USA
2Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, USA
3Private Practice, San Sebastian, Spain

Actual. Med. 2014; 99: (793): 152-156 DOI: 10.15568/am.2014.793.re01

Enviado: 02-06-2014
Revisado: 01-12-2014
Aceptado: 23-12-2014


Maxillary sinus augmentation has been shown to be a predictable surgical procedure used to enhance bone volume for the placement of dental implants in the atrophic posterior maxilla. Therefore, various techniques have been proposed in order to achieve the necessary bone dimension for the insertion of implants in previously compromised sites. Careful case and material selection corresponding to different indications can be beneficial to achieving predictable and consistent treatment outcomes in the posterior atrophic maxilla.
The purpose of this review was to discuss the indications, contraindications, limitations, and case selection criteria used to determine treatment options for the different techniques. It is necessary to define case selection criteria according to the remaining crestal bone and the anatomy of the sinus cavity.

Keywords: Maxillary sinus augmentation; dental implant; osteotome; lateral wall; bone graft

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